Download e-book for kindle: A Box of Sand: The Italo-Ottoman War 1911-1912 by Charles Stephenson

By Charles Stephenson

ISBN-10: 0957689225

ISBN-13: 9780957689220

This is the 1st booklet within the English language to supply an research of a clash that, in such a lot of methods, raised the curtain at the nice struggle. In September 1911, Italy declared struggle at the as soon as strong, transcontinental Ottoman Empire – however it used to be an Empire in decline. The bold Italy made up our minds so as to add to her starting to be African empire through attacking Ottoman-ruled Tripolitania (Libya). The Italian motion all started the quick fall of the Ottoman Empire, which might finish with its disintegration on the finish of the 1st global struggle. The day after Ottoman Turkey made peace with Italy in October 1912, the Balkan League attacked within the First Balkan War.


The Italo-Ottoman warfare, as a prelude to the exceptional hostilities that will stick to, has such a lot of firsts and tips to the bleak destiny: the 1st 3-dimensional battle with aerial reconnaissance and bombing, and the 1st use of armored cars, working in live performance with traditional floor and naval forces; warfare fever whipped up through the Italian press; army incompetence and stalemate; classes in how to not struggle a guerrilla battle; mass dying from illness and 10,000 extra from reprisals and executions. Thirty thousand males may die in a fight for what may well defined as little greater than a scatolone di sabbia – a field of sand.


As acclaimed historian Charles Stephenson portrays during this ground-breaking examine, if there's an exemplar of the futility of struggle, this is often it. except the dying and the massive fee to Italy (much greater than was once initially envisaged), the most final result was once to halve the Libyan inhabitants via emigration, famine and casualties.


The Italo-Ottoman struggle was once a clash overshadowed via the nice battle – yet one that in lots of methods presaged the horrors to come back. A field of Sand could be of significant curiosity to scholars of army heritage and people with an curiosity within the background of North Africa and the improvement of know-how in war.

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A Box of Sand: The Italo-Ottoman War 1911-1912 by Charles Stephenson


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